Hadrothemis camarensis (Kirby, 1889)
Saddled Jungleskimmer

Type locality: Cameroon, no locality data available.


Male is similar to H. vrijdaghi by (a) frons at least partially dark metallic; (b) labrum all pale, sometimes dark brown or black; (c) labium all pale; (d) vertex without tubercles; (e) thorax and Abd dull brown to black, not rufous; (f) numerous cell-doublings in medial planate of Fw and often Hw; (g) Pt seldom over 4 mm long; (h) S2 under 4 mm broad. However, differs by (1) ranging widely from W Kenya to W Africa; (2) mesepisterna dorsally pale greyish (rather than blackish to brown), contrasting with sides of thorax; (3) Fw triangle of 2 cells and subtriangle of 3-4, rarely of 3 and up to 7 respectively; (4) Hw base amber to brown usually to arculus, sometimes tips smoky, if whole wings smoky brown, only golden at base. [Adapted from Dijkstra & Clausnitzer 2014]

Habitat description

Small pockets of often temporary water in tree holes (and similar small containers) shaded by forest. Usually with coarse detritus. From 0 to 2100 m above sea level, but mostly below 700, although possibly up to 2600.


confirmed: Angola; Côte d'Ivoire; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Congo-Brazzaville; Democratic Republic of the Congo; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Ghana; Kenya; Liberia; Nigeria; Republic of Guinea; Sierra Leone; Uganda; Zambia

Male © Dirk Motshagen

Abdominal segment 2 (lateral view)

Map citation: Clausnitzer, V., K.-D.B. Dijkstra, R. Koch, J.-P. Boudot, W.R.T. Darwall, J. Kipping, B. Samraoui, M.J. Samways, J.P. Simaika & F. Suhling, 2012. Focus on African Freshwaters: hotspots of dragonfly diversity and conservation concern. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10: 129-134.

Barcode specimen(s):

Adult, male; Gabon, Haut-Ogoué, route Bongoville-Leconi (après Ekala, ancien village de Boubou) © Mézière, Nicolas ; Julien, Renoult ; Joelle, Lekogo

Male; Liberia, Nimba County, West Nimba Proposed Forest Reserve © Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & M. Darpay

Male; Liberia, Nimba County, Lugbeyee-Bonlah Road © Dijkstra, K.-D.B.

Male; Democratic Republic of Congo, Province Orientale, © Dijkstra, K.-D.B.

Female; Liberia, Grand Gedeh County, Putu Iron Ore Mining concession © Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & A. Dayeker


  • Kirby, W.F. (1889). Descriptions of new Genera and Species of Odonata in the collection of the British Museum, chiefly from Africa. Proceedings Zoological Society London, 1889, 297-303.
  • Pinhey, E.C.G. (1961). Dragonflies (Odonata) of Central Africa. Occasional Papers Rhodes-Livingstone Museum, 14, 1-97. [PDF file]
  • Karsch, F. (1899) Odonaten von Johann-Alrecht-Höhe (Nord- Kamerun), gesammelt von Herrn Leopold Conradt. Entomologische Nachrichten 25 (11): 161-176. [PDF file]
  • Pinhey, E.C.G. (1962). Some records of Odonata collected in tropical Africa. Journal Entomological Society Southern Africa, 25, 20-50. [PDF file]
  • Martin, R. (1907). Odonates de la Guinée espagnole. Memorias Sociedad espanola Historia natural, 1, 421-432. [PDF file]
  • Schouteden, H. (1934). Annales Musee Congo belge Zoologie 3 Section 2, 3, 1-84. [PDF file]
  • Pinhey, E.C.G. (1966). Notes on African Odonata, particularly type material. Revue Zoologie Botanique Africaines, 73, 283-308. [PDF file]
  • Fraser, F.C. (1953). New genera and species of Libellulines from the Belgian Congo. Revue Zoologie Botanique Africaines, 48, 242-256. [PDF file]
  • D' Andrea, M., and Carfi, S. (1997). Nuove raccolte di odonati del Camerun con note su Agriocnemis maclachlani Selys, 1877 edescrizione di Agriocnemis dissimilis sp. nov. e Trithemis osvaldae sp. nov. Atti Societa italiana Scienze naturali, 136, 157-190. [PDF file]

Citation: Dijkstra, K.-D.B (editor). African Dragonflies and Damselflies Online. http://addo.adu.org.za/ [2024-06-19].